Among North American men age 15 to 44, testicular cancer is the most common. Denial and embarrassment contribute to making it one of the least mentioned cancers. About 6,900 cases of testicular cancer are diagnosed each year in North America and about 300 men die from it annually.
When detected early testicular cancer is highly treatable and usually curable, which is why early diagnosis and treatment are so important for men of all ages. Adolescent boys and young men should be particularly aware of the signs and symptoms of the disease and perform regular testicular self-exams.
Testicular cancer is a disease in which cells become malignant (cancerous) in one or both of the testicles. Testicular cancer can be broadly classified into two types: seminoma and nonseminoma. Seminomas make up about 40 percent of all testicular cancers. Nonseminomas are a group of cancers that include choriocarcinoma, embryonal carcinoma, teratoma and yolk sac tumors. A testicular cancer may have a combination of both types.
Common symptoms include:
Most men can detect their own testicular cancers. Doctors generally examine the testicles during routine physical exams. Between regular checkups, if you notice anything unusual about your testicles, you should talk with your doctor.
The three basic types of treatment are surgery, radiation therapy, and chemotherapy.