Tennis elbow is a condition where the outer part of the elbow becomes sore and tender. The strain happens to the lateral forearm muscles near their origin on the lateral rounded protuberance (condyle) at the end of the humerous (forearm bone).
It is commonly associated with playing tennis and other racquet sports, though the injury can happen to almost anybody.
Tennis elbow is more prevalent in individuals over 40. Tennis elbow equally affects both sexes and although men have a marginally higher overall prevalence rate as compared women, this is not consistent within each age group, nor is it a statistically significant difference.
Ways to prevent tennis elbow include:
Treatment should start with rest, anti-inflammatory medications, and a stretching routine. If those fail to cure tennis elbow, surgery may be considered, although this form of treatment is rare (fewer than 3 percent of patients).
One procedure is for the tendon to be cut loose from the epicondyle, the rounded bump at the end of the bone, which eliminates stress on the tendon but renders the muscle useless. Another surgical technique involves removing roughened or granulated tissue in the tendon and repairing tears.